HISTORY

The New York Provincials were Troops who were raised from within the ranks of the County Militia Company's of the Colony / Province New York, for Service to and for the Colony / Province of New York. Each and every County in the Colony / Province of New York was mandated by the Colonial Government of New York to fulfill a quota of men to serve in the Provincial Army. Once the Quota of the New York Provincial Army was filled, the New York Provincial Army would then be taken into the British North American Army establishment, and the New York Provincial Troops could be sent anywhere the British Army needed them. The New York Provincials took part in every Major and most every minor engagement of the war in New York, and they were sent into the New England Colony's, they were part of the British Army that went into French Canada and were present at the surrender of Montreal.

The New York Provincial Troops were issued their uniforms, paid, armed, equipped, and fed by the Province of New York. (after 1757, N.Y. purchased most of it arms and accouterments from the British Government, ie: the King.) The New York Provincials wore uniforms much like their Regular British Army Counterparts, as their style and type of uniform was copied from the warrants and mandates of the British Regular Army. In the very beginning of the French and Indian War, (1756 and early 1757,) the New York Provincial Troops were wearing Regimental Uniform Coats that were Blue and had facings of red, with Blue waistcoats and breeches and Black cocked hats. Their firearms and accouterments, for the most part, came from home. By the end of 1757, the New York Provincial uniform was beginning to change, as their Regimental Coats were changed from the Blue Coats faced with red to Green Regimental Coats faced with green, and this would be the uniform that the New York Provincials would wear until the end of the war. (The Green color was called a "Yellow Drab" and is not unlike the olive drab worn by the Military today.) The Officers in the New York Provincials were not issued their uniforms, and clothing, and therefore had to purchase their own uniforms, and clothing. In the early war years (1756 and early 1757,) the Officers were found in Red Regimental Coats with Blue or Green facings, and their lace was gold. As in the case of the enlisted troops by the end of 1757 the Officers began wearing Green faced green Regimental Coats with silver lace. But the color of the Green of the Officers coats was a darker forest green.

In the year of 1758 there were some other alterations to the Uniform of The New York Provincial Enlisted Troops, such as their hats brims were cut down to 2 1/2 inches and no longer "Cocked", their accruements were the same as was issued to the regular British troops, (but, instead of white leather belts, the New Yorkers wore natural leather or brown colored belts.)All the New Yorkers were issued the standard Kings muskets and bayonets.

The Men of Suffolk County always responded willingly and eagerly to the Call to serve their King and their Province! There is not one documented record to indicate that any men were ever drafted into the New York Provincial Army from Suffolk County - they were all volunteers!

TIMELINE

1755 There was no call up of men from Suffolk County to go into the New York Provincial Army .

1756 Suffolk County was required to place 38 men into the New York Provincial Army, as it's quota. These men served under the Command of Captain Gilbert Potter, they were in the battle of Lake George.

1757 Suffolk County was required to place 63 men into the New York Provincial Army, as it's quota. These men served under the Command of Captain Gilbert Potter, and stationed at Fort Edward, New York, during the siege of Fort William Henry in August 1757. Col. Richard Floyd of the Suffolk County Militia, was ordered to place his entire Suffolk County Militia on Standby, then ordered to March half of his Militia Regiments in two divisions. One division to march to Fort Edward, and the other division to march to Queens. (Captain Terry's Militia Company marched to Fort Edward.)

*1758 Suffolk County is required to provide the New York Provincial Army with:
One Colonel,
One Lieutenant Colonel,
One Major,
Three Complete Company's, Each Company Consisting of:
One Captain, [ Thomas Terry , Alexander Smith & Elias Hand]
Two Lieutenants,
Two Sergeants,
Two Corporals,
One Drummer, ( no fifers)
87 (+/-) Privates.
These Men would participate in theBattle at Ticonderoga, and then later in the expedition against Fort Frontenac, under Colonel Bradstreet.
Ticonderoga was a loss to the British.
Fort Frontenac was captured by the British, although this Force was made up of mostly New York, and New England Troops.
After the Frontenac Campaign, the 3 Company's from Suffolk County did garrison duty at the Forts along the Mohawk river.

*1759 Suffolk County is required to provide the New York Provincial Army with:
Three Complete Company's, Each Company Consisting of:
One Captain, [ Thomas Terry , Gilbert Potter & Stephen Sayer]
Two Lieutenants,
Two Sergeants,
Two Corporals,
One Drummer, ( no fifers)
87 (+/-) Privates.
These Men would participate in the Niagara Campaign and were stationed at Fort Oswego where they took part in the battle at Oswego.
After the Niagara - Oswego Campaign, the 3 Company's from Suffolk County did garrison duty at Fort Oswego and the Forts along the Mohawk river.
Captain Terry was sick and was replaced by his Lieutenant, ie: Barnabus Tuthill who became a breveted Captain.
Captain Terry returned at the end of June and resumed Command of his Company. Barnabus Tuthill returned to his former rank of Lieutenant


1760 Suffolk County is required to provide the New York Provincial Army with:
One Colonel, [Nathaniel Woohhull]
Three Complete Company's, Each Company Consisting of:
One Captain, [Israel Horton, Jesse Platt & Jonathan Baker]
Two Lieutenants,
Two Sergeants,
Two Corporals,
One Drummer, ( no fifers)
87 (+/-) Privates.
These men were with the British Army when it had to fight it's way through the Thousand Islands and then up the St. Lawrence River to get to lay siege to Montreal.
They were present when the French Army surrendered the City to the British.
After the Montreal Campaign, The 3 Company's from Suffolk County did garrison duty at the Captured French Forts along the St. Lawrence River and also the Forts along the Mohawk river.
Colonel Richard Floyd's Suffolk County Militia Regiments were
placed on full alert.
( There is reason to believe that during the summer of 1760, some of the Militia Company's from Suffolk County were called up for duty at Albany.)
I n April of 1760 First Lieutenant Israel Horton replaced Captain Terry as the new Company Commander.
Captain Terry was promoted to the rank of Major and
was placed on staff duty in Albany .


1761 Suffolk County is required to provide the New York Provincial Army with:
Two Complete Company's, Each Company Consisting of:
One Captain, [ Daniel Griffing & Jesse Platt ]
Two Lieutenants,
Two Sergeants,
Two Corporals,
One Drummer, ( no fifers)
87 (+/-) Privates.
These Two Company's did garrison duty at the Captured French Forts along the St. Lawrence River and also Forts along the Mohawk river.
First Lieutenant Daniel Griffing replaced Captain Israel Horton as the new Company Commander.

1762 Suffolk County is required to provide the Provincial Army with:
One Complete Company Consisting of:
One Captain, [ Daniel Griffing ]
Two Lieutenants,
Two Sergeants,
Two Corporals,
One Drummer, ( no fifers)
74 (+/-) Privates.
This Company did garrison duty at the Captured French Forts along the St. Lawrence River.

1763 Suffolk County was not required to provide the Provincial Army with any Troops.
Colonel Floyd was not required to place any part of his Militia Regiment on alert or standby.
Although Suffolk County did not have to provide any troops for the Provincial Army, there was still a Company of Suffolk men on duty along the St. lawrence River.
Captain Daniel Griffing's 1762 Company was held over until late 1763.